Tag Archives: manual

Reduce fail2ban.sqlite3 file

You might face an increase of the file /var/lib/fail2ban/fail2ban.sqlite3

Here few commands that allows you to dig within the db, and clean up some rows, reducing its size.

Open the db:
sqlite3 /var/lib/fail2ban/fail2ban.sqlite3

Now, check all the tables available:
sqlite> .tables
bans fail2banDb jails logs

Generally, the “bans” table is the one that uses more space. You can check the content of this table using some SELECT statements like:
sqlite> SELECT * FROM bans limit 1;
With this, you can check one single row, and all its parts and content.

If you identify, for example, that there are very old entries (in my case, entries from 2 years ago, from 2018 and 219), you can trim all those entries with this command:
sqlite> DELETE FROM bans WHERE DATE(timeofban, 'unixepoch') < '2020-01-01'; VACUUM;

After running the above command, I got my db shrank.
A restart of fail2ban services will reload the db and release the space of the previous db.


Linux WiFi manual setup

You might have faced to have your laptop that doesn’t boot with your nice GUI interface, with Network Manager that handles your wifi connection. Maybe due to a failed update or a broken package.

Well, it happened to me exactly for that reason: some issues with an upgrade. And how can you fix a broken package or dependency without internet connection?

Oooh yes, that’s a nightmare! Thankfully, I found this handy article, which I will list some handy commands, that did help me in restoring the connection on my laptop, allowing me to fix the upgrade and restore its functionality.

NOTE: I had iwconfig and wpasupplicant already installed. If not, I should have downloaded the packages and all their dependencies and manually install them with dpkg -i command

Identify what’s the name of your wifi interface


This should return something like wlp4s0

Guessing that you know already the SSID (e.g. HomeFancyWiFi) of your wifi and the password (e.g. myWiFiPassw0rd), you can run directly this command:

wpa_passphrase HomeFancyWiFi myWiFiPassw0rd | sudo tee /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf
wpa_supplicant -c /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf -i wlp4s0

This will generate the config file, connect to the wifi. Once you see that all works as expected, you could use the -B flag to put the wpa_suppicant in background and release the terminal.

wpa_supplicant -B -c /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf -i wlp4s0

Alternatively, you can move to another tab (ALT+F1,F2,F3… in the text mode console), and run dhcpclient to get an IP and the DNS set.

dhclient wlp4s0

Once done, you can run iwconfig just to verify that the interface has the IP and do some basic network troubleshooting like ping etc to make sure all works, and you can go back to fix your broken upgrade 🙂

Lsync monitoring on Rackspace Cloud

mkdir -p /usr/lib/rackspace-monitoring-agent/plugins/
cd /usr/lib/rackspace-monitoring-agent/plugins/
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/racker/rackspace-monitoring-agent-plugins-contrib/master/lsyncd-status.sh
chmod 755 lsyncd-status.sh

You can test the above script by calling it directly to see if it is working and reporting stats:



Now, we need to create the alert itself.
[To get the token, you can use this]

curl -i -X POST \
-H 'X-Auth-Token: [AUTH_TOKEN]' \
-H 'Content-Type: application/json; charset=UTF-8' \
-H 'Accept: application/json' \
--data-binary \
'{"label": "Lsyncd", "type": "agent.plugin", "details": {"file": "lsyncd-status.sh","args": ["arg1","arg2"]}}' \

NOTE: ENTITY_ID is the Monitoring ID, NOT the server ID!!

Once the alert has been created, you can add the alarm manually via the Control Panel:

if (metric['lsyncd_status'] != 'running') {
return new AlarmStatus(CRITICAL, 'Lsyncd Service is NOT running.');
if (metric['lsyncd_status'] == 'running' && metric['percent_used_watches'] >= 80) {
return new AlarmStatus(WARNING, 'Lsyncd is running but the number of directories has reached 80% of notify watches.');
if (metric['lsyncd_status'] == 'running' && metric['percent_used_watches'] >= 95) {
return new AlarmStatus(CRITICAL, 'Lsyncd is running but the number of directories has reached 95% of notify watches.');
return new AlarmStatus(OK, 'Lsyncd Service is running.');

Make sure to test and save the alert.