Tag Archives: nagios3

Nagios3 and Lighttpd

This guide will explain how to install Nagios3 on a machine with Debian and Lighttpd webserver.

If you haven’t installed Lighttpd yet, please follow this tutorial.

Install Nagios server

Now, let’s install Nagios.

apt-get install nagios3 nagios-plugins nagios-nrpe-plugin

This will automatically install all the required dependencies.

Enable check_external_commands in /etc/nagios3/nagios.cfg


Add www-data in nagios’ group:

usermod -a -G nagios www-data

And fix some permission issues to avoid some errors like “error: Could not stat() command file”

chmod g+x /var/lib/nagios3/rw

Let’s configure a bit Lighttpd.
Make sure cgi and php modules are enabled.

Then, create a new conf file and enable it:

vim /etc/lighttpd/conf-available/10-nagios3.conf
# Nagios3
alias.url =     (
                "/cgi-bin/nagios3" => "/usr/lib/cgi-bin/nagios3",
                "/nagios3/cgi-bin" => "/usr/lib/cgi-bin/nagios3",
                "/nagios3/stylesheets" => "/etc/nagios3/stylesheets",
                "/nagios3" => "/usr/share/nagios3/htdocs"
$HTTP["url"] =~ "^/nagios3/cgi-bin" {
        cgi.assign = ( "" => "" )
$HTTP["url"] =~ "nagios" {
        auth.backend = "htpasswd"
        auth.backend.htpasswd.userfile = "/etc/nagios3/htpasswd.users"
        auth.require = ( "" => (
                "method" => "basic",
                "realm" => "nagios",
                "require" => "user=nagiosadmin"
        setenv.add-environment = ( "REMOTE_USER" => "user" )
lighttpd-enable-mod nagios3

Let’s apply the changes:

/etc/init.d/lighttpd force-reload

We need to setup the “nagiosadmin” password:

htpasswd -c /etc/nagios3/htpasswd.users nagiosadmin

Now, open your browser and digit http://yourserver/nagios3
Insert username: nagiosadmin and the password you’ve just chosen… and voila`… 🙂

And now we have installed our nagios server. As you can see, it’s currently monitoring itself.

But what about the other hosts in the network?

Adding hosts

Host configuration

To let our Nagios server to monitor other hosts, we need to follow these steps on any client we want to add:

apt-get install -y nagios-plugins nagios-nrpe-server

Once completed, we need to add the IP of our monitoring host in /etc/nagios/nrpe.cfg under allowed_hosts=xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx.

Also, add this line in /etc/nagios/nrpe_local.cfg:

command[check_all_disks]=/usr/lib/nagios/plugins/check_disk -w '20%' -c '10%' -e -A

This will be used from our monitor server to query nrpe and provide info about ALL the disks.
You can use also -I flag to exclude a specific path. For example on my Time Capsule Pi, I’ve used the following line, to exclude the mount point “TimeMachine” from the checks:

command[check_all_disks]=/usr/lib/nagios/plugins/check_disk -w '20%' -c '10%' -e -A -I '/TimeMachine/*

Monitoring configuration for new host

Now back to our Nagios monitoring machine
In /etc/nagios3/conf.d create a file called for example host1_nagios2.cfg and add the following basic services (add/remove/modify based on your local configuration):

define host{
        use             generic-host
        host_name       host1
        alias           host1
        address         xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx

define service{
        use                     generic-service
        host_name               host1
        service_description     Current Load
        check_command           check_nrpe_1arg!check_load

define service{
        use                     generic-service
        host_name               host1
        service_description     Current Users
        check_command           check_nrpe_1arg!check_users
define service{
        use                     generic-service
        host_name               host1
        service_description     Disk Space
        check_command           check_nrpe_1arg!check_all_disks
define service{
        use                     generic-service
        host_name               host1
        service_description     Total Processes
        check_command           check_nrpe_1arg!check_total_procs

Also, you can add the new host host1 to be part of any related groups, modifying /etc/nagios3/conf.d/hostgroups_nagios2.cfg

For example, we can add it to debian-servers and ssh-servers groups. This will automatically get some checks like SSH.

# Some generic hostgroup definitions

# A simple wildcard hostgroup
define hostgroup
        hostgroup_name  all
		alias           All Servers
		members         *

# A list of your Debian GNU/Linux servers
define hostgroup {
        hostgroup_name  debian-servers
		alias           Debian GNU/Linux Servers
		members         localhost,host1

# A list of your web servers
define hostgroup {
        hostgroup_name  http-servers
		alias           HTTP servers
		members         localhost

# A list of your ssh-accessible servers
define hostgroup {
        hostgroup_name  ssh-servers
		alias           SSH servers
		members         localhost,host1